MoCa and IADL data correlation in individuals with mild cognitive impairment



MoCa and IADL data correlation in individuals with mild cognitive impairment
Young Researcher: Nino Shiukashvili 
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test has been shown to be a reliable tool to detect mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In 2015 the indicated tool was translated in Georgian and the consequent validation was conducted  (Janelidze, 2016). Besides, the randomized population study (N=1000) was conducted in order to estimate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Georgia (Nadareishvili, 2018). Based on this study, the prevalence of any MCI was 13.3% and it was widely associated with the age (>65), with the level of education, hypertension and diabetes. The main indicators are similar to studies in Europe and US. Besides, there are some studies underlying the positive correlation between Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) (Katrin Jekel, 2015). Based on these studies, IADL requiring higher neuropsychological functioning seem to be most severely affected in patients with MCI. A reliable identification of such deficits is necessary, as patients with MCI with IADL deficits seem to have a higher risk of converting to dementia than patients with MCI without IADL deficits.